One of the most endowed continents with numerous natural resources on the Planet is Africa. It is a Continent where every Country which constitute its components, have their share of several natural resources. This means that nature has bestowed on each African country, its means of survival and development. But the continent is still slow in its developmental quest, whereas other parts of the world had gone miles ahead. It is therefore imperative to get an avenue which would serve as eye-opener, particularly with regard to the presence of natural resources which can be transformed to source of wealth for all and sundry.
Research established that almost every mineral resource which the planet earth possesses can be found in Africa. Aside from common natural minerals like gold and diamond, there are many more spread across every African Country. For instance, One third of the world’s bauxite reserve is found in Africa. This particular ore is used in the making of aluminium. Below are several natural resources in Africa and where they can be found;
v Democratic Republic of Congo has over a million metric tons of cobalt metal.
v Morocco has similar cobalt metal.
v Madagascar, Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zimbabwe has Beryllium
v Chromium is found in the whole of South Africa and parts of West Africa.
v Manganese is found in most of West Africa as well as in the Kalahari Desert.
v Gabon has oil fields and vanadium, a rare element used to make steel tougher and shock resistant.
v Nigeria has not just oil fields or oil wells. Nigeria has 32 trillion tons of natural gas. It has been burning away for the past 30 years, and the deposit still remains at 32 trillion. Nigeria also has titanium, and other metallic elements.
v Lithium is found in large deposits in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. This is used in some cases to make mobile phones.
v Platinum deposits are found in South Africa.
v The Democratic Republic of Congo is the world’s chief source of radium.
v Uranium is found in the Democratic Republic of Congo, but the largest deposit of uranium is found in Niger Republic, just above Nigeria.
v Most of Africa’s copper is found in Central Africa, particularly Zambia, Malawi, Central Africa Republic. Zambia has 36 million tons. The Democratic Republic of Congo has 26 million tons of copper. Botswana, a very small country, has 530,000 tons of copper metal reserves. Mauritania has the largest reserve of copper in West Africa, 740,000 tons. Uganda has 200,000 tons of copper.
v The whole of Africa has a billion tons of lead reserve. North Africa, though, is the largest producing region. Zinc deposits in Africa are 16.5 million tons. Morocco and Algeria have the large deposits of zinc.
v Phosphate is found in large deposits in North Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and some parts of Nigeria. Morocco and Western Sahara have large deposits of phosphate to the tune of 20,000 billion tons. The regions of Western Sahara, Algeria, and Tunisia together have 12,000 billion tons of phosphate. Egypt has 660 million tons of phosphate. Togo has 60 million tons of phosphate.
v Senegal has 140 million tons of phosphate. The world’s only source of aluminium phosphate is found in Senegal. It is estimated to be 100 million.
v Other phosphate deposits are found in Tanzania, 10 million tons; Uganda, 180 million tons; Malawi, 18 million tons.
v Granite is found in Morocco and Nigeria. Nigeria’s granite being of particular interest, the only unique, sandy-looking granite in the world. Vast reserves of granite are found in Burkina Faso.
v Quartzite is found in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
v Dolerite is produced in South Africa.
v Marble is found in Nigeria, Mali, Togo, and South Africa.
v Limestone is a key element in the production of cement worldwide and it is found in large deposits in West Africa. It goes from West Africa across to Central Africa, down to the Atlantic coasts, with major deposits in Togo, Ghana, as well as East African countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and South Africa.
v North Africa has major reserve of Jepson on the Mediterranean coast. This also is used in building. Somalia has a reserve of 30 million tons of Jepson.
v Nigeria has an unqualified deposit of bitumen. It is so much it is taking over farmlands, and yet the country imports bitumen.
v Major metallic deposits are also found all across Africa.
v In Algeria, iron ore is said to be 1.5 billion metric tons. This is also found in Western Mauritania.
v In Mauritania there are 27 million tons of copper ore. Manganese is also found in Algeria.
v In Algeria in particular, various metallic deposits that are necessary for different works are found. This list includes tin, nickel, chromium, zinc, lead, cobalt, silver, gold, platinum, and molybdenum, a metallic element used in strengthening steel. Wolfram is used as a source of tungsten in electricity; thorium, a radioactive metallic element; and uranium.
With the above details, it is obvious that Africa is blessed with enough natural resources that would place it at the hub of world Economy. Although, there are series of political instabilities, hunger, corruption, war etc, which the continent is currently battling with, but there is hope of better tomorrow, if all these resources are properly harnessed.